Pittsburghs many recent accolades. Technologies pioneered by its materials scientists such as liquid-crystal display (LCD optical disc innovations, and laser printing were actively and successfully introduced by Xerox to the business and consumer markets. Xerox Corporation, parc has been in large part responsible for such developments as laser printing, Ethernet, the modern personal computer, graphical user interface (GUI) and desktop paradigm, object-oriented programming, ubiquitous computing, electronic paper, amorphous silicon (a-Si) applications, and advancing very-large-scale integration (vlsi) for semiconductors. Parc entrance, xerox parc old logo, pARC (. While the 3,000 mile buffer between it and Xerox headquarters in Rochester, New York afforded scientists at the new lab great freedom to undertake their work, the distance also served as an impediment in persuading management of the promise of some of their greatest achievements. We have helped to create several successful companies, to build science-based cognitive tutors, to develop the emerging field of health neuroscience, and to better understand how distraction in the classroom affects learning. The integration of Ethernet prompted the development of the parc Universal Packet architecture, much like today's Internet. Citation needed, founded in 1970 as a division. Being situated on Stanford Research Park land leased from Stanford University 4 allowed Stanford graduate students to be involved in parc research projects and parc scientists to collaborate with academic seminars and projects.
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Lampson diythemes thesis wordpress theme (1992 Alan Kay (2003 and Charles. Further reading edit Michael. Hiltzik, Dealers of Lightning: Xerox parc and the Dawn of the Computer Age ( HarperCollins, New York, 1999) isbn Douglas. Applying its technical knowledge to healthcare, Philips introduced a medical X-ray tube in 1918. The GUI edit Xerox has been heavily criticized (particularly by business historians) for failing to properly commercialize and profitably exploit parc's innovations. The company began in lighting and founded its first research lab in 1914.